Uganda At 60

Uganda Independence Day, celebrated on October 9, has always been a source of national pride for many Ugandans. Since gaining independence in 1962, Uganda has been referred to as the “Pearl of Africa.” The following years were full of positive and negative accomplishments.
Ugandan Flag
| Photo Credit: theindependent

On 9 October all roads will lead to Kololo Ceremonial Grounds as Uganda makes her 60th Independence Day Anniversary. Uganda was under the British protectorate since 1864 which was put together by organised kingdoms and chieftaincies.

After independence, Obote became the first prime minister and head of government with Sir Edward Mutesa II as the ceremonial president.

However, on 15 April 1966 Obote became the new president of Uganda surrounded by troops and declared Uganda a republic.

Later on 15 January 1971, Idi Amin Dada organised a ‘coup-de- etet’ against Obote’s government. This raid was done when Obote was away and the rebels were declared victorious. Therefore Idi Amin was president for 8 years up to 1979.

In April 1979, the Ugandan National Liberation Army in collaboration with the Tanzania People’s Defence Forces made plans and overthrew Amin’s regime.

Between 1979 to 1980, Professor Yusuf Lule became president for 68 days and Godfrey Lukwonga Binaisa and Paul Muwanga became president during this period.

In 1980, general elections were held under the Uganda People’s Congress led by Milton Obote. He won and became president for the second time up to 1985.

Yoweri Kaguta Museveni was sworn in as president of Uganda in 1986 up to date. Upon completion of his 6th term, Museveni will mark 40 years in power. 

There has been a significant improvement in Education at all levels from primary to university level respectively with over 53.9 public universities and lower learning institutions. There has been development in the agriculture sector with an increment in main exports of coffee, cotton and milk.

Technology and road transport have also improved in the different years starting from improved manufacture of Ugandan own cars such as the electric cars to a better road transport network with over 8588km of roads tarmacked.

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